The Salton Sea Lake is an inland saline lake located in the Sonoran Desert of southeastern California, near the Mexico-U.S. border. It is one of the most arid regions in North America, was formed in 1905 when the Colorado River burst out of its man-made irrigation canal and flooded the dry alkaline basin of the Imperial Valley.

The lake is approximately 35 miles by 15 miles with an average depth of about 30 feet, the water flowed for two years before the flooding could be shut off. Agricultural drainage and runoff from the surrounding mountains continue to pour water into the lake, so the lake level continues to rise.

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